In October 2020, the federal government decided to close down the IDP camps under its jurisdiction in Diyala, Baghdad, Kirkuk, Saladin, Nineveh and Anbar governorates, but the camp closures hit a stumbling block as many IDPs accused of alignments with Islamic State (ISIS) and other including minority groups have not returned to their areas of origin due to fear of reprisal and poor infrastructure in their areas affetced by war against Islamic State (ISIS) militant group.
The federal decision excluded the Kurdistan Region’s IDP camps as about one million
IDP and refugees are still in the host community and the camps there, according to the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Joint Crisis Coordination Center (JCC) latest data published in April.
The federal government plans to shutter
the remaining two IDP camps in Nineveh and Anbar governorates through providing essential public services and infrastructure rehabilitation to create the appropriate conditions for the voluntary return of IDPs to their areas of origin.
Jabro said that
there are currently 39,000 displaced families in the Kurdistan Region, saying his ministry has proposed new plans for the Iraqi government to secure alternative housing units in other areas other than the places of origins.
She also said that her ministry’s funding from the federal budget is about one billion Iraqi dinars.
“Some families refused to return to Sinjar for political reasons….Christians have been displaced more than once,” head of the Babylon Parliamentary Bloc Aswan al-Kaldani said, noting granting each returned family with a half and a million Iraqi dinars is “not sufficient.”
On Thursday, Iraq’s Security Media Cell said that
over eight thousand IDP returned to Sinjar district and Zumar sub-district.
Out of over six million people displaced due to battles against ISIS, over a million
still live in the camps after over three years of ISIS’s territorial collapse.
Iraq’s camp closures brought on strong reactions among the local and international organizations and accusing Iraq of forced expulsions.
“In Iraq, around 240,000 people are at immediate risk as camps for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) close across the country, forcing vulnerable families to return to homes that are damaged or destroyed by war – if they can return home at all,” Danish Refugee Council reported in December.